Labor Day,is a legal holiday celebrated on the first Monday in September in the United States, Puerto Rico, the Canal Zone, and the Virgin Islands. The celebration of Labor Day, in honor of the working class, it was first suggested by Peter J. McGuire, founder of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters. It was initiated in the U.S. in 1882 by the Knights of Labor, who held a large parade in New York City. In 1884 the group held a parade on the first Monday of September and passed a resolution to hold all future parades on that day and to designate the day as Labor Day. In March 1887, the first state law to declare the day a legal holiday was passed in Colorado, followed by New York, Massachusetts, and New Jersey. In 1894 the U.S. Congress made the day a legal holiday. Parades, and speeches by labor leaders and political figures, mark Labor Day celebrations. Labor Day is celebrated in Canada on the first Monday in September. The first parades and rallies to honor workers were held in 1872 in Ottawa and Toronto, and the September date was officially recognized by Parliament in 1894.
A few years ago, in Tampa, someone got the bright idea to build full size replicas of the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria and sail them into the harbor for people to see on Columbus Day. Do you know about Christopher Columbus? He “discovered” America. Actually, he thought he was in India. That’s why he called the native people here Indians. His 3 ships were the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria. Columbus Day is a holiday to celebrate him even though now people are learning that the first thing he did was enslave the native people or kill them off everywhere he went. Places like Cuba used to have a whole race that he just wiped out completely. So, anyway, there was a bunch of Native American Indians that showed up to protest and since I knew a guy from college who was going to be there, I went too. You know who else was there? Russel Means! He’s been in a lot of movies, like Last of the Mohicans.
＜訳＞数年前タンパ（フロリダ州にある都市）で、誰かが『等身大の Nina Pinta Santa Maria （いづれも、コロンブスと仲間たちが航海で使った船名）のレプリカを作って、コロンブスデーに見学している人たちのために、入港させよう！』とひらめいたの！クリストファー・コロンブスって知っているかしら？彼、アメリカを”発見”したのよね。本当は、インドに来たって思っていたんだけどね。だから、彼はここに住む原住民を”インディアン”って呼んだのよ。彼の３隻の船はNina, Pinta そして Santa Maria なの。コロンブス Day は、彼を祝う祝日なの。もっとも彼がここでした事といったら、行く先々で原住民を奴隷にしたり殺したりしたんだって事がばれてきているんだけど。たとえば、キューバなんかではある一族を一掃しちゃったのよ。 とにかく、（タンパのコロンブス・デーのイベントには）反対する沢山のネイティブ・アメリカンがいたの。大学時代の知り合いで、そこに行く友達がいたので、私も行ったの。他に誰がそこにいたと思う？ ラッセル・ミーンよ。彼沢山映画に出ているのよね。「ラスト・オブ・モヒカン」とかね。
Columbus Day was first celebrated on October 12, 1792 to honor the day Christopher Columbus landed in the Bahamas in 1492. One hundred years later, it was celebrated again at the urging of President Benjamin Harrison. Since 1920, it has been celebrated annually and, in 1971, became a federal legal holiday to be celebrated on the second Monday in October.The traditional Columbus Day in the United States includes a parade down New York’s Fifth Avenue. Parades and pageantry are often featured in smaller towns and cities. In recent years, the holiday has been rejected by many people who view it as a celebration of conquest and genocide. In its place, Indigenous Peoples Day is celebrated.Many Latin American countries celebrate this day as Dia de la Raza (Day of the Race). This day celebrates the Spanish heritage of the Latin American peoples and includes brightly colored fiestas.
‘Trick or Treat’ began in America in the earlier part of the 20th century when a group of Irish labourers used Hallowe’en as an opportunity to demand money with menace. This was later toned down and popularised as a ‘light-hearted’ neighbourhood activity. It is a very strong part of popular culture in the States. Children will come home from school, dress up in some outlandish outfit (such as a witch, a goblin or a ghoul) and go knocking on doors shouting “Trick or Treat”. If the person opening the door does not give them a ‘treat’ eg sweets or money, then the youngsters threaten to ‘trick’ them and play a joke or a trick on them.
Dear Takashi, I wish I would go over there but Daddy couldn’t because someone couldn’t do it. And I love you, Takashi, it’s more funner over there with you and I wish I would ever see sumo. And well, Takashi it’s more funner for me to play with you and also it’s more funner of you bringing things to me for my room and stuff. And even I really love you. I wish I would have to be something to really to have you more better so you could play with me and also there’s more fun things to do but when you’re not here there isn’t. I like you very much.
TAKは、昔ロックバンド”GREEN DAY”の曲を良く聴きました。GREENDAYの曲は、何かでヘコんでいる時に元気な気持ちを呼び起こしてくれるカンフル剤的な役割を果たしてくれるのですよね！そのグリーン・ディの曲の１つに、”Macy’s Day Parade”（メイシーズディ・パレード）という名曲があります。このMacy’s-day paradeというのは、Macy’sが主催となってThanksgiving day（感謝祭）に、ニューヨークのセントラル・パークからMacy’sがある34thストリートまで、アニメキャラなどの形をした巨大な風船と一緒に、バンドが練り歩く催し物なのです！
Long ago, in the early 1600s, a group of people in England wanted to pray and worship God in their own way. The King controlled the Church of England, and everyone was ordered to go to the same type of church. Anyone who dared to disobey would be sent to jail.
The group of people who wanted to free the Church of England from the King’s rule, making it “pure” were known as the Puritans. To escape the rule of the King and his church, around 100 men, women and children left their homeland, with their dream of religious freedom. They sailed on a ship, the Mayflower – on a pilgrimage to the New World.
These brave travelers – the Pilgrims – landed in Plymouth after their long six-week journey. It was December 11, 1620. The cold winter had set in. The land was strange to them, and nothing seemed familiar.
The winter was long, cold, and very hard for the Pilgrims. Luckily, Native Americans helped by supplying them with seeds and food, teaching them about their new home, and giving them the skills needed to survive in a strange, new land.
The first year in their new home was hard for the Pilgrims. Many died. With seeds and plants received from the Native Americans, the Pilgrims planted crops. The fall harvest was a good one. To celebrate their good fortune, the Pilgrims had a feast of thanksgiving.
Many foods were cooked for the feast – wild turkey, duck, and venison were probably served, along with fish, pumpkins, squash, corn, sweet potatoes, and cranberries. Captain Miles Standish, the leader of the Pilgrims invited all of the Native Americans who had helped them so much during their first year. Everyone had a good day of thanksgiving. The feast lasted for three days!
This harvest feast in 1621 is often called the “First Thanksgiving”. Over the years, the day we now celebrate as Thanksgiving became an important tradition in the United States – a day of giving thanks for all that we have. In 1941 President Franklin Roosevelt made Thanksgiving a national holiday.