【1】アメリカには、ズバリ”Valentine”(ヴァレンタイン)という名の町がある。
→テキサス州にあります。毎年この年になると、”Valentine”という名のスタンプを求めて、郵便局はバレンタイン・カードであふれかえるそうです。テキサス州バレンタインの場所をチェック

【2】韓国には、バレンタインとホワイトデーを一人で過ごした人向けにブラック・デーという名の日が用意されている。

→韓国では4月14日は”Black Day”といって、恋人がいない人が黒い服を着て黒いチャジャンミョン(韓国風ジャージャー麺)を食べる日になっています。右の写真がチャジャンミョンです!

 YouTubeでは、4月14日にチャジャンミョンをたべることになった悲しい男性のストーリーを紹介した動画があります!韓国語なので何を言っているかよくわかりませんが、ブラックデーのだいたいの様子はつかめます^^;;

【3】シェークスピア『ロミオとジュリエット』の舞台となったイタリアのヴェローナには、毎年バレンタインデーになると、ジュリエット宛(To Juliet)の手紙が1,000通ほど届く。

【4】ヴァレンタインで売られる薔薇の73%は男性によって購入される。
→欧米のバレンタインデーは、日本のものと若干スタイルが異なります。また、バレンタインデーは、恋人のための日であると共に、”感謝の日”でもあるのです。そのため、同性の友達や、お世話になっている人にもカードを送る風習があります。ちなみに、最もバレンタインカードをもらうのは、学校の先生だそうです!

【5】ヴァレンタインデーに、女性が
1.頭上を飛ぶコマドリ(robin)を見ると、船乗りと結婚する。
2.スズメ(sparrow)を見ると、貧しい男性と結婚するが、とても幸せな暮らしをする。
3.金魚(goldfish)を見ると大金持ちと結婚する。
という迷信がある。


【バレンタインクイズ】(答えは本ページの下)

1) When was the first known Valentine message sent?

1415
1802
1920
1034

2)What particular group of people receive the most Valentines?

Wives
Husbands
Teachers
Mothers

3)What is the most common symbol on a Valentine’s Day card?

Cupid
X’s and O’s
Flowers
Red hearts

4)Who said “Love is blind?”

Shakespeare
Chaucer
Wordsworth
Whitman

5) Who was Cupid?

The Roman god of love
The Greek god of love
An angel
None of the above

<<クイズの答え>>

1. When was the first known Valentine message sent?

Answer: 1415. It was sent by Charles, Duke of Orleans, to his wife in France while he was a prisoner in the Tower of London.

2. What particular group of people receive the most Valentines?

Answer: Teachers. Next comes mothers, wives and girlfriends.

3. What is the most common symbol on a Valentine’s Day card?

Answer: Red hearts. The tradition is based on the medieval notion that the heart was the organ responsible for generating emotions.

4. Who said “Love is blind?”

Answer: Chaucer. The line appears in “The Merchant’s Tale” part of Chaucer’s “Canterbury Tales” written in the 14th century.

5. Who was Cupid?

Answer: The Roman god of love. He was also the son of Venus, the goddess of vegetation.


【Did you know?】
*Valentine’s Day is the second largest day for giving greeting cards. (Christmas is the largest.)
*More than one billion Valentine cards are sent each year!
*85% of all valentines are purchased by women.
*Until the mid-1800’s, the cost of sending mail was too expensive for the average person. Until the penny post, most valentine cards were hand delivered.
*The red rose, representing love, is the most popular Valentine’s Day flower.
*89 million roses, the majority red, will be sold and delivered within a three-day period.
*More than 35 million heart-shaped boxes of chocolate will be sold for Valentine’s Day.
*About 11% of pet owners give Valentine’s Day gifts to their pets.
*70% of those who celebrate Valentine’s Day give a card; 49% call their sweethearts; 48% give a gift; 37% cook a special dinner; 33% give candy; 30% go out to dinner; and 19% give flowers.
*Teachers receive the most Valentine’s Day cards.
*Gifts Victorians gave on Valentine’s Day: fans, flowers, candy, heart shaped trinket boxes, posy holders, lockets, and teacups.
*The Empire State Building in New York City, which played a prominent Valentine’s Day role in the movie Sleepless in Seattle, has become a popular spot for couples to take or renew their vows.
*Valentine’s Day is one of the most popular wedding days.
*Amnat Puttigo of Pattaya, Thailand, won a “Ripley’s Believe It or Not” by holding his wife in his arms for 10 hours 49 minutes and 15 seconds in Valentine’s Day Contest!

【おまけ:バレンタインデーにまつわるエトセトラ・・・】
1. St. Valentine was a Roman priest executed on February 14th, 270 A.D., for disobeying an imperial edict forbidding marriage ceremonies.
2. February 14th was also the day Romans honored Juno, goddess of marriage.
3. Medieval Europeans believed birds mated on February 14th.
4. 73% of U.S. men buy flowers on Valentines Day.
5. 15% of U.S. women send themselves flowers on Valentines Day.
6. According to superstition, if a woman sees a robin on Valentines Day, she’ll marry a sailor; if she sees a sparrow, she’ll marry a poor man and be happy; and if she sees a goldfinch, she’ll marry a millionaire and be very happy.
7. Queen Victoria sent over 2,500 Valentines during her reign.
8. The Welsh used to give each other wooden spoons on February 14th.
9. During the nineteenth century, romantic Brits would simply pick the first person they saw on February 14th to be their Valentine.
10. Finns celebrate Valentines Day by being nice to their friends.

【OTHER EXCITING EVENTS THAT TOOK PLACE ON FEBRUARY 14th】
1. Oregon became the 33rd state.
2. Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray applied for patent rights to the telephone.
3. The Department of Commerce and Labor was established.
4. The United Parcel Service was founded.
5. Thomas Watson formed IBM.
6. Al Capone wiped out his rivals in The Valentines Day Massacre.
7. The Ayatollah Khomeini declared his feelings for Salman Rushdie by calling on Moslems around the world to kill him on sight.

In the U.S., Esther Howland is known to be the first person to send valentine cards.

Hundreds of years ago in England, many children dressed up as adults on Valentine’s Day.

In the Middle Ages, young men and women drew names from a bowl to see who their valentines would be. They would wear these names on their sleeves for one week. To wear your heart on your sleeve now means that it is easy for other people to know how you are feeling.

【もっとx2バレンタイントリビア】

*15% of U.S. women send themselves flowers on Valentine’s Day.
*73% of people who buy flowers for Valentine’s Day are men, while only 27 percent are women.
*About 1 billion Valentine’s Day cards are exchanged each year. That’s the largest seasonal card-sending occasion of the year, next to Christmas.
*About 3% of pet owners will give Valentine’s Day gifts to their pets.
*Alexander Graham Bell applied for his patent on the telephone, an “Improvement in Telegraphy”, on Valentine’s Day, 1876.
*California produces 60 percent of American roses, but the vast number sold on Valentine’s Day in the United States are imported, mostly from *South America. Approximately 110 million roses, the majority red, will be sold and delivered within a three-day time period.
*Cupid, another symbol of Valentines Day, became associated with it because he was the son of Venus, the Roman god of love and beauty. Cupid often appears on Valentine cards holding a bow and arrows because he is believed to use magical arrows to inspire feelings of love.
*During the late 1800s, postage rates around the world dropped, and the obscene St. Valentine’s Day card became popular, despite the Victorian era being otherwise very prudish. As the numbers of racy valentines grew, several countries banned the practice of exchanging Valentine’s Days cards. During this period, Chicago’s post office rejected more than 25,000 cards on the grounds that they were so indecent, they were not fit to be carried through the U.S. mail.
*During the Middle Ages, the belief that birds chose their mates on St. Valentine’s Day led to the idea that boys and girls would do the same. Up through the early 1900s, the Ozark hill people in the eastern United States thought that birds and rabbits started mating on February 14, a day for them which was not only Valentine’s Day but Groundhog Day as well.
*February 14, 270 A.D. : Roman Emperor Claudius II, dubbed “Claudius the Cruel,” beheaded a priest named Valentine for performing marriage ceremonies. Claudius II had outlawed marriages when Roman men began refusing to go to war in order to stay with their wives.
*Hallmark has over 1330 different cards specifically for Valentine’s Day.
*Humorous valentines of the 19th century were called “Vinegar Valentines” or “Penny Dreadfuls.” Vinegar Valentines were introduced in 1858 by *John McLaughin, a Scotsman with a New York City Publishing Business. Penny Dreadfuls with comic designs drawn in 1870 by American cartoonists Charles Howard became known as Penny Dreadfuls.
*In 1929 in Chicago, gunmen in the suspected employment of organized-crime boss Al Capone murder seven members of the George “Bugs” *Moran North Siders gang in a garage on North Clark Street. The so-called St. Valentine’s Day Massacre stirred a media storm centered on *Capone and his illegal Prohibition-era activities and motivated federal authorities to redouble their efforts to find evidence incriminating enough to take him off the streets.
*In the Middle Ages, young men and women drew names from a bowl to see who their valentines would be. They would wear these names on their sleeves for one week. To wear your heart on your sleeve now means that it is easy for other people to know how you are feeling.
*In the United States, 64 percent of men do not make plans in advance for a romantic Valentine’s Day with their sweethearts.
*In Victorian times it was considered bad luck to sign a Valentine’s Day card.
*In Wales, wooden love spoons were carved and given as gifts on February 14th. Hearts, keys and keyholes were favorite decorations on the spoons. The decoration meant, “You unlock my heart!”
*It wasn’t until 1537 that St. Valentine’s Day was declared an official holiday. England’s King Henry VIII declared February 14th a holiday.
*On February 14, 1779, Captain James Cook, the great English explorer and navigator, was murdered by natives of Hawaii during his third visit to the Pacific island group.
*One single perfect red rose framed with baby’s breath is referred to by some florists as a “signature rose,” and is the preferred choice for many for giving on Valentine’s Day, anniversary, or birthday.
*Sir Alexander Fleming was a young bacteriologist when an accidental discovery led to one of the great developments of modern medicine. Having left a plate of staphylococcus bacteria uncovered, Fleming noticed that a mold that had fallen on the culture had killed many of the bacteria. He identified the mold as penicillium notatum, similar to the kind found on bread. On February 14, 1929, Fleming introduced his mold by-product called penicillin to cure bacterial infections.
*Some people used to believe that if a woman saw a robin flying overhead on Valentine’s Day, it meant she would marry a sailor. If she saw a sparrow, she would marry a poor man and be very happy. If she saw a goldfinch, she would marry a millionaire.
*Teachers will receive the most Valentine’s Day cards, followed by children, mothers, wives, and then, sweethearts. Children ages 6 to 10 exchange more than 650 million Valentine’s cards with teachers, classmates, and family members.
*The “I Love You” computer virus was detected in Hong Kong on May 1, 2000. In four days the virus had mutated into three different generations. Figures by Trend Micro Inc. showed that “I Love You” had infected 3.1 million computers worldwide.
*The 17th century a hopeful maiden ate a hard-boiled egg and pinned five bay leaves to her pillow before going to sleep on Valentine’s eve. It was believed this would make her dream of her future husband.
*The ancient Romans celebrated the Feast of Lupercalia in honor of Juno, the queen of the Roman gods and goddesses on February 14. Juno was also the goddess of women and marriage.
*The Empire State Building in New York City played a prominent role in the movie Sleepless in Seattle. This year 15 couples will take (or renew) their vows on the 80th floor of this famous landmark.
*The first American publisher of valentines was printer and artist Esther Howland. During the 1870s, her elaborate lace cards were purchased by the wealthy, as they cost a minimum of 5 dollars – some sold for as much as 35 dollars. Mass production eventually brought prices down, and the affordable “penny valentine” became popular with the lower classes.
*The first photograph of a U.S. President was taken on February 14, 1849 by Matthew Brady in New York City. President James Polk was the subject of the famous picture. .
*The first televised tour of the White House aired on February 14 in 1962. First Lady Jackie Kennedy hosted the tour.
*The heart is the most common symbol of romantic love. Ancient cultures believed the human soul lived in the heart. Others thought it to be the source of emotion and intelligence. Some believed the heart embodied a man’s truth, strength and nobility. The heart may be associated with love because the ancient Greeks believed it was the target of Eros, known as Cupid to the Romans. Anyone shot in the heart by one of Cupid’s arrows would fall hopelessly in love. Because the heart is so closely linked to love, it’s red colour is thought to be the most romantic.
*The Italian city of Verona, where Shakespeare’s lovers Romeo and Juliet lived, receives about 1,000 letters addressed to Juliet every Valentine’s Day.
*The Kama Sutra is believed to be the oldest sex manual in existence. Generally considered the standard work on love in Sanskrit literature, the book is thought to have been written around 300 A.D.
*The most fantastic gift of love is the Taj Mahal in India. It was built by Mughal Emperor Shahjahan as a memorial to his wife, who died in childbirth. Work on the Taj began in 1634 and continued for almost 22 years. required the labor of 20,000 workers from all over India and Central Asia.
*The oldest known Valentines were sent in 1415 A.D. by the Duke of Orleans to his French wife while he was imprisoned in the Tower of London. It is still on display in a museum in England.
*The oldest surviving love poem is written in a clay tablet from the times of the Sumerians, inventors of writing, around 3500 B.C. It was unromantically named Istanbul #2461 by the archeologists who unearthed it.
*The red rose was the favorite flower of Venus, the Roman goddess of love. Red stands for strong feelings which is why a red rose is a flower of love.
*Valentine’s Day is big business. Consumers will spend an average of $77.43 on Valentine’s Day gifts this year. E-commerce retailers expect to rack up about $650 million in sales of food, candy, flowers, and other Valentine’s Day gifts. Of that amount about $350 million will be for gifts and flowers and another $45 million will be spent on food (including chocolate) and wine.
*Wearing a wedding ring on the fourth finger of the left hand dates back to ancient Egypt, where it was believed that the vein of love ran from this finger directly to the heart.
*A ring has been included in wedding ceremonies since the 12th century. Pope Innocent the Third ordained that marriages had to take place in church and that a wedding ring should be exchanged during the service.
*In England, the Romans, who had taken over the country, had introduced a pagan fertility festival held every February 14. After the Romans left *England, nearly a century later, the pagan ritual was abolished by Pope Gelsius who established St. Valentine’s Day as a celebration of love in 496 A.D.
*In America, the pilgrims sent confections, such as sugar wafers, marzipan, sweetmeats and sugar plums, to their betrothed. Great value was placed on these gifts because they included what was then a rare commodity, sugar. After the late 1800’s, beet sugar became widely used and more available, and sweet gifts continued to be valued and enjoyed.
*Chocolate manufacturers currently use 40 percent of the world’s almonds and 20 percent of the world’s peanuts.